Scientists are learning more about the differences in men’s and women’s health demands. The reality is that your biological makeup influences your susceptibility to various health issues.
Here is some more info on the most common health issues affecting women:
- Cardiovascular Disease
The leading cause of mortality in women is heart disease. Chest discomfort, loss of breath, and arm weakness are all symptoms of a heart attack. While menopause does not cause heart disease, some risk factors, such as increased blood pressure, cholesterol, and reduced estrogen, become more frequent after menopause.
- The Stroke
Every year, 55,000 more women than males are affected by stroke. There are two forms of stroke: hemorrhagic (brain bleeding) and ischemic (blockage of a blood vessel causing decreased blood flow). Although symptoms vary depending on the origin of the stroke, classic signs include difficulty speaking and numbness in the extremities.
Pregnancy and stroke have also been linked. Blood clot diseases are more likely to arise in neurologic events caused by hypercoagulation, or excessive blood clotting, which can also occur during pregnancy. These blood clots can then prevent blood from flowing to your brain.
- Diabetes Mellitus
Although diabetes is not unique to women, it does raise the risk of heart disease fourfold in women. Women are also more prone to diabetic problems including blindness, renal disease, and depression. Gestational diabetes is a disorder that can develop during pregnancy in which your glucose levels rise and other issues arise. This affects at least three out of every hundred women, and therapy may involve a strict diet, exercise, blood glucose monitoring, insulin injections, and oral medicine.
Diabetes can also lead to pregnancy complications such as miscarriage and birth abnormalities. Pregnant women with diabetes, particularly those on insulin, may require additional testing and monitoring. Maintain a healthy weight, exercise often, and stop smoking to reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes.
- Concerns About Maternal Health
When planning to conceive, women with diabetes or high blood pressure should have these illnesses under the best possible management.” Those with high-risk diseases, such as serious heart problems and neurological concerns, should consult with their doctor about their treatment options. Women should also avoid getting pregnant right after undergoing weight loss surgery.
During pregnancy, experts recommend that women acquire proper nourishment and take preventative precautions such as vaccines. You may continue to exercise as usual, but if you have any concerns, visit your doctor. “Many medical disorders need suitable therapy. It’s an essential discussion you should have with your doctor.”
- Infections Of The Urinary Tract
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) happen when bacteria enter the urethra and grow. They are more frequent in women since they have a shorter urethra than males. This reduces the distance germs must travel to reach the bladder. A UTI is characterized by frequent urination, discomfort or burning when urinating, and murky urine. While a UTI may resolve on its own, a doctor may prescribe antibiotics if required. If UTIs become a persistent issue, further testing can determine whether the urinary tract is normal.
- Sexual Health
There are around 30 different forms of sexually transmitted diseases (STIs). Human papillomavirus (HPV), one of the most prevalent, may be avoided with the HPV vaccination.
HPV will infect around 80% of sexually active men and women at some time in their lives. “HPV is quite prevalent. There are over 100 varieties, at least 14 of which have been related to cancer,” adds Expert. Types 16 and 18, which are both connected with cervical precancer, are the most dangerous in the United States.
With the introduction of the Pap smear, doctors can now detect precancerous cells and treat them, drastically lowering the prevalence of cervical cancer.